New recipes

Giant Killer

Giant Killer


With a name like "Giant Killer." you can be sure this is one stuff cocktail. With a light and sweet finish, this is an easy cocktail to whip up at your next shin-dig.

Ingredients

  • 1 1/2 Ounce Four Roses Yellow Label Bourbon
  • 3/4 Ounces lemon juice
  • 1/2 Ounce Fabrizia limoncello
  • 1/2 Ounce lavender rose honey syrup
  • Dash of Bittermen's Boston Bittahs

Directions

Shaken with ice, double strained into a martini glass. No garnish


Giant Killer - Recipes

From the kitchen of One Perfect Bite. I suspect I'm a contrarian. While it's not deliberate, I swim with the salmon and often find myself heading upstream while the rest of the world is heading down. This afternoon, despite a refrigerator packed with holiday food, I could find nothing that I wanted to eat. It was raining hard, so my remedies were limited. I could brave the deluge or I could bake. Had I not just placed a log on the fire, I'd have been out the door in a New York minute, but that log sealed my fate. If I wanted something sweet I had to bake. I decided to make these muffins because, while they are easy to make, they are also delicious and I knew just one of them would set the world right and end my cravings. The recipe, which comes from Midwest Living magazine, is a new take on a favorite old-fashioned coffeecake. The recipe is scaled to make 6 large or 12 regular sized muffins. I decided to use large muffin cups because they seemed like less work and would make clean-up easier. I am not at this point in the holiday weekend, much into marathon cooking, and the 15 minutes it takes to make these muffins matched my attention span and energy level. The recipe is straightforward and easy to follow. The muffins have a lovely soft crumb and I know those of you who try the recipe will love them. I do have one thought to share with you. I think these muffins are best when served barely warm and I like to get them to the table right after they're removed from the pan. They will, however, keep for about a day before they begin to stale. Here is how these cinnamon and nut-topped muffins are made. Do try one. They make the world a better place.

Ingredients:
Nonstick cooking spray
1-1/2 cups all-purpose flour
2 teaspoons baking powder
1/4 teaspoon baking soda
1/4 teaspoon salt
1/4 cup shortening
1 8-oz. carton dairy sour cream or plain yogurt
1/2 cup granulated sugar
1/2 cup milk
1 beaten egg
Nut Mixture
1/4 cup packed brown sugar
1/4 cup chopped nuts
2 tablespoons granulated sugar
1 teaspoon ground cinnamon

Directions:
1) Lightly coat 6 jumbo (3-1/2-inch) muffin cups with cooking spray or line with paper bake cups. Set aside.
2) In a mixing bowl, combine flour, baking powder, baking soda, and salt. Cut in shortening until mixture is crumbly.
3) In another bowl, stir together sour cream or yogurt, 1/2 cup sugar, milk, and egg. Add to dry ingredients and stir until just combined.
4) To make nut mixture: Stir together brown sugar, nuts, 2 tablespoons sugar, and cinnamon.
5) Spoon half of cake batter into prepared muffin cups. Sprinkle half of nut mixture into cups. Top with remaining batter and remaining nut mixture.
6) Bake in a 350 degree F oven for about 25 minutes or until a toothpick inserted in center comes out clean. Cool 15 minutes in pan on wire rack. Remove from pan and serve warm. Yield: 6 servings.

Cook's Note: For standard-size muffins, use twelve regular (2-1/2-inch) muffin cups divide batter evenly as above. Bake in 400 degree F oven for 15 to 18 minutes. Cool 5 minutes. Remove from pans and serve warm.


Giant Killer: The incredible mysterious life of the shortest US soldier

A retired Miami cop spends three years trying to unearth the truth about a homeless gentleman he'd befriended. Was the shortest soldier in US military history a CIA operative who had been assassinated?

On November 28, 1945, doctors in Stamford Connecticut's Regional Hospital intensely worked to save newborn Richard James Flaherty’s life. His mother didn’t know at the time of his birth that her blood type was Rh-negative which may lead to serious health problems—and death—in a second-born fetus. Richard’s future, therefore, was sealed before he took his first breath. The complications caused a hormonal imbalance that stunted his growth. Medically speaking, Richard would be considered a proportionate dwarf. He was expected to only grow to the height of 4’ 7” but Richard proved them wrong as he grew to 4’ 9.”

At 4’ 9” and 97 pounds, Richard J. Flaherty was the smallest and most unconventional man to serve in the U.S. military and needed a congressional waiver just to join the Army. Bullied and ridiculed through basic training, Flaherty nonetheless achieved the kind of stature that’s only dreamed of: He became a Green Beret Captain, earning the Silver Star, two Bronze Stars, and two Purple Hearts for his actions in Vietnam. Flaherty served with the 101st Airborne & the 3rd Special Forces Group.

Read more

His decommission in 1971 due to the military budget downsizing (RIF Reduction in Force) was unexpected and devastating, and Flaherty sank into the murky world of private contract work. He is believed to have worked as a military contractor throughout Africa and most notably in Rhodesia and Angola.

During these ongoing operations, he gained a reputation for intelligence, and the CIA in the late 1970s recruited him to supply the Contras in Central America with weapons and cash. So began a wild adventure involving guns, cash, and High Altitude Low Opening parachute jumps into the Florida Everglades swamps. All of that ends when he’s arrested for possession of gun silencers.

Abandoned by the CIA, Flaherty locates a smuggling ring stealing tons of explosives including a classified weapon from inside a U.S. Army base, and signs on to work the investigation undercover with the Federal law enforcement agency the ATF (Alcohol, Tobacco & Firearms).

Miami Police officer David Yuzuk befriended Richard J. Flaherty when the former soldier was living on the streets as a homeless man. After 15 years of friendship, Flaherty finally confessed, “It’s time I tell you who I really am.” Only 10 days later Flaherty would be killed in a bizarre hit and run.

After Flaherty’s death, Yuzuk kept digging, researching, and confirming. He located witnesses and found documentation in a storage unit that revealed that even while homeless, Flaherty was still conducting clandestine missions around the world—Cambodia, Iraq, Jordan, Venezuela—but who was he working for? The CIA? Private contractors? Or were his missions something much darker?

“My three-year journey of discovery dragged me down the rabbit hole of CIA conspiracies and the hunt for stolen classified weapons—stretching from the bloody jungles of Vietnam to the dangerous streets of Iraq and Venezuela, all in search of the peripatetic Green Beret Captain Richard J. Flaherty,” Yuzuk said.

Green Beret Captain Richard J. Flaherty.

Captain Flaherty's Irish lineage is traced back to his grandfather Joseph Patrick Flaherty who was born in the Aran islands and his grandmother Bridget Smythe was born in the village of Feakle next to the Sliabh Aughty Mountains.

Looking for Irish book recommendations or to meet with others who share your love for Irish literature? Join IrishCentral’s Book Club on Facebook and enjoy our book-loving community.

Flaherty's military bio

Flaherty attended Infantry Officer Candidate School and was commissioned a 2Lt on August 31, 1967. He was assigned to the 101st Airborne Division and went to Vietnam serving as a Platoon Leader and Recon Platoon Leader with companies B, C, and D, & E. He and his platoon were engaged in some of the heaviest fighting on the outskirts of Hue during the Tet Offensive. He earned the Silver Star, 2 Bronze Stars (w/V, 3OLC), and 2 Purple Hearts.

Green Beret Captain Richard J. Flaherty.

After his tour in Vietnam, he returned to the U.S. and attended the Special Forces Officer Course at Fort Bragg. Upon graduation, he was assigned to the 3rd Special Forces Group and assigned to the 46th Special Forces Company in Thailand. He served as an A Detachment Commander and Liaison Officer. In 1970 he was reassigned to the 10th Special Forces Group at Fort Devens. He served as both an A and B detachment Commander. He was discharged in October 1971 as a Captain.

Captain Flaherty's incredible life story was captured in the Amazon #1 Best Selling book, "The Giant Killer" available on Amazon as a Paperback, eBook, & Audiobook, and the award-winning documentary, "The Giant Killer Finding Flaherty" available worldwide on Amazon, Google Play, YouTube, iTunes, and Tubi. To learn more or comment about Captain Flaherty please visit The Giant Killer Facebook page.

* Born and raised in Brooklyn N.Y., David Yuzuk attended the University of Stony Brook on a football scholarship. After college David moved to Miami and became a 19-year veteran of the Aventura Police Department working as a uniformed road patrolman, undercover officer, and detective. In 2018 David was forced to retire due to a back injury sustained as a police officer. Retired, David enjoys writing, walking on hikes, and spending time with his dog Simon.

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Jack the Giant Killer Hasty Pudding

“Say’st thou so,” quoth Jack “that is like one of your Welsh tricks, yet I hope to be cunning enough for you.” Then, getting out of bed, he laid a billet in the bed in his stead, and hid himself in a corner of the room. At the dead time of the night in came the Welsh giant, who struck several heavy blows on the bed with his club, thinking he had broken every bone in Jack’s skin. The next morning Jack, laughing in his sleeve, gave him hearty thanks for his night’s lodging. “How have you rested?” quoth the giant “did you not feel anything in the night?” “No,” quoth Jack, “nothing but a rat, which gave me two or three slaps with her tail.” With that, greatly wondering, the giant led Jack to breakfast, bringing him a bowl containing four gallons of hasty pudding.

-Jack the Giant Killer

With the minimum ingredients available to an English housewife, a hasty pudding, as the name suggests, could be pulled together in haste. While the name sounds rudimentary, Dorothy Hartley states in her book, Food in England, that when made well, hasty pudding tastes ‘better than it sounds’.

Recipes from the 1700s include a pudding made of egg, flour, milk, salt, some rose or orange water for flavour, butter and finished with some cinnamon. By the 1800s the egg had disappeared from the recipes.

The name ‘hasty pudding’ transitioned to a nursery milk pudding, before disappearing from cookbooks.


Cicada Killers

Top: Cicada Killer Wasp
Bottom: Asian Giant Hornet

Just like its name suggests, the cicada killer is a predator of cicadas. Adult cicada killer wasps hunt cicadas to feed to their young. Extension professionals have seen a lot of adult cicadas emerge the last few weeks, therefore cicada killers may be active. They are typically found flying close to the ground searching for food. While cicada killers will create underground burrows in the ground, control is rarely required.

As adults, these wasps reach up to 1 inch in size. Because of their size, people often think they are harmful. However, these wasps are fairly passive insects that do not pose a threat to humans. Only female cicada killers are capable of stinging and will only do so if disturbed. The territorial males do protect their burrow, but are unable to sting.


TFT Set 5: Reckoning Patch 11.11 Item Recipes Cheat Sheet

+ + + +

Prevents the holder's first death, placing them in stasis instead. After 2 seconds, they return with 400 Health and shed all negative effects.

[Unique - Only One Per Champion]

+

Physical damage heals the holder for 40% of the damage dealt.

Upon falling below 40% Health, the holder gains a 30% max Health shield that lasts up to 5 seconds.

+ +

The holder gains the Skirmisher trait.

[Unique - Only One Per Champion]

+

Grants 75 Critical Strike Chance (including components). Each point of Critical Strike Chance above 100% becomes +1% Critical Strike Damage.

[Unique - Only One Per Champion]

+ +

Increases the holder's Attack Range by 1 hex and grants 40% bonus Attack Speed (including components).

The wearer's attacks can no longer miss.

+

Attacks grant +6% bonus Attack Speed for the rest of combat.

This effect can stack any number of times.

+ +

When the holder takes damage or inflicts a critical strike, they gain 3 Attack Damage and Ability Power.

This stacks up to 25 times, at which point the holder gains 25 Armor and Magic Resist.

+ +

At the start of combat, the holder taunts enemies within 2 hexes.

When the holder dies, a Voidspawn arises taunting nearby enemies. Voidspawns that arise from summoned units are 25% effective.

+

The holder gains the Legionnaire trait.

[Unique - Only One Per Champion]

+

When the holder inflicts a critical hit, the target's Armor is reduced by 70% for 5 seconds. This effect does not stack.

[Unique - Only One Per Champion]

+ +

Attacks grant +6% bonus Attack Speed for the rest of combat.

This effect can stack any number of times.

+ + +

+ +

When the holder deals magic or true damage with their Ability, they burn the target, dealing 25% of the target's maximum Health as true damage over 10 seconds, and reducing healing by 50% for the duration of the burn.

[Unique - Only One Per Champion]

+

The holder gains the Spellweaver trait.

[Unique - Only One Per Champion]

+ + + + +

After casting their Ability, the holder gains 20 mana.

[Unique - Only One Per Champion]

+

Reduces the Attack Speed of enemies within 2 hexes by 25%.

[Unique - Only One Per Champion]

+ +

Every 5 seconds, the holder radiates an aura to allies within 1 hex, healing them for 20% of their missing Health.

Affected allies take 30% reduced damage from multi-target abilities and attacks for 5 seconds.

+

The holder gains the Renewer trait.

[Unique - Only One Per Champion]

+
  • +40 Attack Damage and +40 Ability Power.
  • Attacks and Abilities heal for 40% of damage dealt.
+

Prevents the holder's first death, placing them in stasis instead. After 2 seconds, they return with 400 Health and shed all negative effects.

[Unique - Only One Per Champion]

+

When the holder takes damage or inflicts a critical strike, they gain 3 Attack Damage and Ability Power.

This stacks up to 25 times, at which point the holder gains 25 Armor and Magic Resist.

+ +

Reduces the Attack Speed of enemies within 2 hexes by 25%.

[Unique - Only One Per Champion]

+ + +

Every 2.50 seconds, a random enemy within 2 hexes is burned for 25% of their maximum Health as true damage over 10 seconds. Any healing they receive is reduced by 50%.

[Unique - Only One Per Champion]

+

The holder gains the Ironclad trait.

[Unique - Only One Per Champion]

+

When combat begins, the holder shoots a beam straight ahead that delays affected enemies' first spellcast, increasing their max Mana by 35% until they cast.

[Unique - Only One Per Champion]

+

Physical damage heals the holder for 40% of the damage dealt.

Upon falling below 40% Health, the holder gains a 30% max Health shield that lasts up to 5 seconds.

+ + + + + +

When combat begins, the wearer summons a whirlwind on the opposite side of the arena that removes the closest enemy from combat for 5 seconds. Ignores CC immunity.

[Unique - Only One Per Champion]

+

The holder gains the Redeemed trait.

[Unique - Only One Per Champion]

+

The holder gains immunity to crowd control in combat for 12 seconds.

[Unique - Only One Per Champion]

+ +

At the start of combat, the holder taunts enemies within 2 hexes.

When the holder dies, a Voidspawn arises taunting nearby enemies. Voidspawns that arise from summoned units are 25% effective.

+

When the holder deals magic or true damage with their Ability, they burn the target, dealing 25% of the target's maximum Health as true damage over 10 seconds, and reducing healing by 50% for the duration of the burn.

[Unique - Only One Per Champion]

+

Every 5 seconds, the holder radiates an aura to allies within 1 hex, healing them for 20% of their missing Health.

Affected allies take 30% reduced damage from multi-target abilities and attacks for 5 seconds.

+

Every 2.50 seconds, a random enemy within 2 hexes is burned for 25% of their maximum Health as true damage over 10 seconds. Any healing they receive is reduced by 50%.

[Unique - Only One Per Champion]

+

When combat begins, the wearer summons a whirlwind on the opposite side of the arena that removes the closest enemy from combat for 5 seconds. Ignores CC immunity.

[Unique - Only One Per Champion]

+ +

The holder gains the Dawnbringer trait.

[Unique - Only One Per Champion]

+

Blocks the first enemy Ability that hits the holder, and stuns the Ability's caster for 4 seconds.

[Unique - Only One Per Champion]

+

The holder gains the Skirmisher trait.

[Unique - Only One Per Champion]

+

The holder gains the Legionnaire trait.

[Unique - Only One Per Champion]

+

The holder gains the Spellweaver trait.

[Unique - Only One Per Champion]

+

The holder gains the Renewer trait.

[Unique - Only One Per Champion]

+

The holder gains the Ironclad trait.

[Unique - Only One Per Champion]

+

The holder gains the Redeemed trait.

[Unique - Only One Per Champion]

+

The holder gains the Dawnbringer trait.

[Unique - Only One Per Champion]

+ +

The holder gains the Assassin trait.

[Unique - Only One Per Champion]

+

Grants 75 Critical Strike Chance (including components). Each point of Critical Strike Chance above 100% becomes +1% Critical Strike Damage.

[Unique - Only One Per Champion]

+

When the holder inflicts a critical hit, the target's Armor is reduced by 70% for 5 seconds. This effect does not stack.

[Unique - Only One Per Champion]

+ +
  • +40 Attack Damage and +40 Ability Power.
  • Attacks and Abilities heal for 40% of damage dealt.
+

When combat begins, the holder shoots a beam straight ahead that delays affected enemies' first spellcast, increasing their max Mana by 35% until they cast.

[Unique - Only One Per Champion]

+

The holder gains immunity to crowd control in combat for 12 seconds.

[Unique - Only One Per Champion]

+

Blocks the first enemy Ability that hits the holder, and stuns the Ability's caster for 4 seconds.

[Unique - Only One Per Champion]

+

The holder gains the Assassin trait.

[Unique - Only One Per Champion]

+

At the beginning of each planning phase, the holder equips 2 temporary items. Temporary items increase in power based on your player level.

[Consumes Three Item Slots. Cannot Grant Shadow Items]

+ +

The holder's Abilities and attacks do 50% bonus damage if the target has more than 1100 maximum Health.

+ + + + + + + + +

Prevents the holder's first death, placing them in stasis instead. After 2 seconds, they return with 70% Health and shed all negative effects. After this effect triggers, the holder's Attack Speed is reduced by 50% for the rest of combat.

[Unique - Only One Per Champion]

+ + + + + + + + +

The holder gains the Forgotten trait.

[Unique - Only One Per Champion]

+ + +

Grants 75% Critical Strike Chance (including components). Each point of Critical Strike Chance above 100% becomes +1% Critical Strike Damage. The holder also gains 30% Critical Strike Damage. Each time the holder critically strikes, they deal 3% of their maximum Health to themselves as true damage.

[Unique - Only One Per Champion]

+ + +

The holder's Abilities and attacks do 50% bonus damage if the target has more than 1100 maximum Health.

+ + +

Increases the holder's Attack Range by 1 hex. Additionally, the holder gains +40% bonus Attack Speed when there are no enemies within 2 hex(es).

The holder's attacks can no longer miss.

+ + + +

Every other attack from the holder unleashes chain lightning that strikes 4 enemies, dealing 70 magic damage and reducing their Magic Resist by 50% for 5 seconds.

The holder receives -33% Attack Damage.

+ + + + + + + + +

At the start of combat, the holder taunts enemies within 2 hexes.

When the holder dies, an Unstable Voidspawn with 500 Health arises and taunts enemies again. When it dies it deals 500 true damage to enemies within 1 hex(es).

Voidspawns that arise from summoned units are 50% effective.

+ + +

The holder gains the Hellion trait.

[Unique - Only One Per Champion]

+ + +

When the holder inflicts a critical hit, the target's Armor and Magic Resist are reduced by 70% for 5 seconds. The holder's Armor and Magic Resist are also permanently reduced by 25%.


[Unique - Only One Per Champion]

+ + + + + + + + +

Grants 100 bonus Ability Power (including components).

The holder receives -20% maximum Health

+ + + + + + + + + +

When the holder deals magic or true damage with their Ability, they burn the target, dealing 100% of the target's maximum Health as true damage over 25 seconds, and reducing healing by 50% for the duration of the burn.
The holder's Ability deals 50% less damage.

[Unique - Only One Per Champion]

+ + +

The holder gains the Dragonslayer trait.

[Unique - Only One Per Champion]

+ + + + + +

+ + +

Every other attack from the holder unleashes chain lightning that strikes 4 enemies, dealing 70 magic damage and reducing their Magic Resist by 50% for 5 seconds.

The holder receives -33% Attack Damage.

+ + + + + +

After casting their Ability, the holder gains 15 Mana. If the holder has less than 60% Health, this is increased to 50.

[Unique - Only One Per Champion]

+

Reduces the Attack Speed of all enemies within 2 hexes by 35% .

The Attack Speed of allies (except the wearer) within 1 hex is reduced by 35%.

[Unique - Only One Per Champion]

+ + + + + + + + +

The holder gains the Coven trait.

[Unique - Only One Per Champion]

+ + +
  • +40 Attack Damage and +40 Ability Power.
  • Attacks and Abilities heal for 40% of damage dealt.
+ + +

Prevents the holder's first death, placing them in stasis instead. After 2 seconds, they return with 70% Health and shed all negative effects. After this effect triggers, the holder's Attack Speed is reduced by 50% for the rest of combat.

[Unique - Only One Per Champion]

+ + + + + + + + +

Reduces the Attack Speed of all enemies within 2 hexes by 35% .

The Attack Speed of allies (except the wearer) within 1 hex is reduced by 35%.

[Unique - Only One Per Champion]

+ + + + + + +

Every 1.50 second(s) , a random enemy within 3 hexes is burned for 25% of their maximum Health as true damage over 10 seconds. Any healing they receive is reduced by 50%. The holder is also burned for 2.50% of their maximum Health as true damage every second for the entirety of combat, and any healing they receive is reduced by 50%.

[Unique - Only One Per Champion]

+ + +

The holder gains the Cavalier trait.

[Unique - Only One Per Champion]

+ + +

When combat begins, the holder shoots a beam straight ahead and behind that delays affected enemies' and other allies' first ability cast, increasing their maximum Mana by 65% until they cast.


Home Remedies to Kill Hornets

Learn how to kill hornets at home, without the help of a professional. There are plenty of available home remedies to kill hornets. Just make sure you always wear protective clothing, like long pants, long sleeves, and a hat.

How to Kill Hornets in the House

Sometimes a stray hornet or two winds up in your home, and you don’t have any insecticide. When this happens, avoid hitting it. Grab your hairspray. Just wait for the insect to land and dose it with hairspray. Spray the hornet directly until it stops moving.

Get Rid of Wasps and Hornets with Soapy Water

Soap is one of the best home remedies to kill hornets and other pests around your home. It’s a natural option that breaks down their exoskeletons.

DIY Nontoxic Hornet Spray

Make this DIY wasp killer by combining the dish soap and water and placing the soapy water in a sprayer. Spray the mixture on the hornets and nest, standing a safe distance away. You may also use a hose-end sprayer with a garden hose if you don’t have a sprayer.

Pour the soap into the hose-end, attach the garden hose, and turn it on. After dark, saturate the nest thoroughly, especially during the late summer.

This simple spray also works for a variety of other annoying insects. Use it as one of the home remedies to get rid of termites, carpenter ants, and centipedes, too.

Create a Peppermint Spray to Kill and Repel

If you know what keeps bees and wasps away, you probably already know how powerful peppermint oil is against bugs. Peppermint is excellent for killing hornets. Stinging insects hate the scent, so it also works as a powerful repellent. It even keeps honey bees away.

DIY Peppermint Hornet Killer

  • 2 tablespoons of dish soap
  • 2 cups of water
  • 30 drops of peppermint essential oil
  • Glass spray bottle

Make a homemade peppermint hornet killer spray to target different types of wasps and drive them from their nests. Combine the oil, water, and dish soap in a spray bottle.

Glass is ideal for housing essential oils. Shake the container to mix the ingredients thoroughly.

For this way to get rid of hornets naturally, wait until it is dark to target the nest. Wear protective clothing like long sleeves and pants, gloves, and a hat. Spray the nest quickly and run to safety within the house or outbuilding. The hornets will not be happy.

Killing Hornets with a Sugar and Vinegar Trap

Set up a trap with sweet foods to contain hornets. Hornets are attracted to sweet foods, while the vinegar scent is what repels bees. So, don’t worry about harming pollinators with this DIY recipe.

Sugar and Vinegar Hornet Trap

  • ¼ cup of dish soap
  • 1 cup of sugar
  • 1 cup of vinegar
  • 2-liter plastic bottle

Cut the plastic bottle in half. Add the sugar, vinegar, and soap and mix using a spoon until the sugar completely dissolves. Use the top of the bottle to create a funnel inside the bottom portion, and set the trap where you spot hornets.

To keep wasps away from outdoor areas like porches and patios, yellow jacket prevention begins with growing plants the stinging insects don’t like. Add some peppermint plants and others to keep them away from areas where people congregate.

Rid a Tree Branch of Hornets Nests

Hornets nests are sometimes in hollow trees or on the branches. Wear protective clothing and use a spray with a 20-foot stream reach for safety when getting rid of a hornet nest in a tree.

Tree Hornet Control

  • DIY hornet killer spray
  • Heavy-duty garbage bag
  • Garbage cans
  • Scrapers or pruners

Rid a tree branch from a wasp nest by spraying your killer of choice, and a few days later, place garbage cans lined with heavy-duty bags underneath. Cut the branch, so the nest falls into the garbage cans.

Scrapers or pruners from your hardware store are helpful. When the nest is free, seal the bag. Hornets can’t bite through thick plastic, but be careful.

Getting Rid of Ground Nests with Boiling Water

Sometimes you see a hornets nest on the ground rather than nestled in the trees. Hornets may build homes in rotten wood, crevices, or even mounds of earth. Get rid of ground wasps with ease and kill the inhabitants of the nests with two basic ingredients.

Controlling Ground Nests

When your goal is getting rid of an entire nest in the ground, boil water in a large pot. Add dish soap and stir. Pour the hot soapy water directly in the ground nests entrance to ensure it takes care of killing wasps, and move inside as quickly as possible.

Killing Hornets with an Insecticidal Duster

If you make a store trip, buy an insecticidal duster for hornet or wasp control. The water-repellent formula coats a flying insect, preventing flight. They die 24 hours later. Look for the nest entrance during daylight.

Place the duster end against the nest entrance after the sun sets, aiming at the hole, and coat the nest. Leave after spraying the duster. Revisit the area if you still see hornets after a few days.


THE GIANT KILLER


TV GUIDE PROMO
Xena is caught behind a rock and a hard place when she's pitted against her old friend Goliath (Todd Rippon) in a battle between the Israelites and the Philistines.

Gabrielle defends an Israelite named David Xena proposes to fight Goliath.


AIRING AND RATING INFORMATION
1st RELEASE: 10-14-96
An AA average of 5.4
Competition from Syndicated Action Dramas:
(1) HERCULES 8th at 5.8
(2) STAR TREK DS9 9th at 5.7
(3) XENA 10th at 5.4
(4) BAYWATCH 14th at 4.4

2nd RELEASE: 06-02-97
An AA average of 5.0
Competition from Syndicated Action Dramas:
(1) XENA 9th at 5.0
(2) HERCULES 10th at 4.7
(3) STAR TREK DS9 11th at 4.3
(4) BAYWATCH/BABLYON 5 25th at 3.2

This synopsis is by Bluesong.

Xena and Gabrielle are walking around a graveyard a giant's graveyard. Gabrielle asks why they aren't buried. Xena says that it's a sign of honor of death on the battlefield. Xena fought with the giants against someone named Gareth, and 10 years ago she made a pact with a friend to meet him back at this place. Then Gabrielle says, Xena, there are more giants here than dead ones. Xena says, Hello Goliath. "This is your friend?" Gabrielle says. Xena nods. Gabrielle says she's going to take a walk.

Gabrielle talks to the trees: you'd think she'd have told me her friend was a giant, why doesn't she tell me these things? And then she's confronted by an army, who has some people captive. They go to take Gabrielle, and one of the slaves (David) tries to protect her but is knocked down. Gabrielle says pick on somebody who can defend themselves -- "Who you?" the man laughs, "No, me!" Xena says, and a fight ensues. Gabrielle is getting good at this fighting stuff, btw. Anyway, once the Philistines find out that it is Xena they are fighting against, they stop, for they have hired Goliath to help them defeat the Israelites, and Xena is Goliath's friend. They invite Xena and Gabrielle to their camp. The Israelites are put in a dungeon. The Israelites aren't fond of Xena.

Xena and Gabrielle go dine with the commander Gabrielle steals food to take to the prisoners. Xena goes to talk to Goliath, to tell him he's working for the wrong side. But Goliath only wants revenge against Gareth, because Goliath's family was killed in the fighting, and the money the Philistines are paying him will help him find Gareth.

Gabrielle goes to the prisoners, gives them food, but they are trying to dig their way out and they are found out. The guard orders them killed. Gabrielle tries to talk him out of it. He says he'll only kill one, and pulls out David. David is put on a stump and Gabrielle throws herself over him to keep his head from being chopped off, and the guard says OK, I'll chop your head off too. The chakram comes flying, knocking the axe from the head-chopper and setting free some captives, and Xena, astride Argo, takes on the Philistines. Another fight the Israelites and Xena flee to the Israelite home/palace, back to King Saul.

The Philistines are on the march, however, and with Goliath the Israelites have no hope. Xena proposes a winner-take-all, with her fighting her friend Goliath, because she knows that giants have a soft spot between the eyes that will kill them instantly, and she only needs one shot.

Gabrielle goes to David, and they have a tender moment and almost kiss, but then David's fiancee interrupts Gabrielle departs going "dumb, dumb, dumb," and smacking herself in the head. She finds Xena alone, standing, watching the storm outside in the darkness. "Is the thunder keeping you up?" Gabrielle slips an arm around Xena. No. Xena explains how Goliath saved her life and in so doing, lost his family. She is very sad about the entire turn of events Gabrielle takes Xena's right hand in her left hand, and then covers her hand with her right Xena returns the hand hold, tenuously at first, but then with a tight grip.

The next morning the Philistines and Israelites meet the challenge has been accepted. Goliath goes after Xena, and the Philistines attack the Israelites in a sneak play. Jonathan, the elder son of King Saul, is killed, and the Israelites retreat. Goliath has on a special helmet, and can't be killed, so Xena finally throws salt in his eyes and runs with the Israelites to a cave.

Xena tells Gabrielle that with Jonathan dead, the Israelites need a leader, and if she kills Goliath they will not have anyone to proclaim a hero. David has been thinking the same thing he tells Xena he has to be the one to kill the giant. Xena goes to the graveyard again and finds Goliath she could have killed him then, but doesn't. They talk and part as friends, planning to meet as enemies. Gabrielle sees David, tells him she was a little upset by the financee' meeting, and David says they can be friends they talk a bit about monotheism because Gabrielle says it is a new thing for her a god greater than Zeus? a little talk, then he recites a psalm (Psalm 23, the Lord is my shepherd) and Gabrielle likes it.

Next morning, the Israelites have gold shields. The weather is cloudy. David is praying Xena tells him to ask "him" to do something about the weather. The Philistines show up Goliath comes forward in his helmet, and David walks out to face him. The Philistines laugh and call for Xena, at least, not a small guy. Goliath tries to slice up David then the sun breaks forth, and Xena yells "now" and the soldiers shine their gold shields so that the sun is reflected into Goliath's eyes and off of his helmet. In anger, Goliath throws his helmet off and when he does, David throws a rock and hits him between the eyes. Goliath goes down Xena looks pained. Xena walks over to the dying Goliath, and tells him his battle is over. Later, Xena walks through the giant graveyard, her thoughts heard out loud: "Goliath, I know you can hear me, I hope you're with your family. I'll always remember you as a loving husband, a great warrior, and my friend."

COMMENTARY:

This commentary is by Carmen Carter.

Although GIANT KILLER probably ranks as my least favorite episode of the series, it offers an interesting case study in creative self-sabotage. In fact, analyzing the ways in which GK failed are altogether more interesting than the episode itself.

The thematic focus of the story was on friendship and divided loyalties. Xena was faced with a situation in which her loyalty to a friend was in direct conflict with her loyalty to a cause. This is certainly an intriguing premise, but it was one doomed to failure by the other elements inserted into this plot.

Belief in Xena's friendship with Goliath was crucial to the success of this story, but her relationship with the giant was undermined in many subtle ways. The first is that mixing fictional and Biblical/historical characters is by its very nature a contrived situation. Since the historical basis for Goliath is very difficult to ignore, viewers need to try harder than usual to suspend disbelief when inserting a fictional Xena into this "real" scenario.

Secondly, the camera angles used to encompass both Xena and Goliath in the same shot reduced the warrior princess to a small figure, thus creating yet another degree of distance from her interaction with Goliath. By removing all visual cues to emotional context, the unremarkable dialogue was dangerously flattened. Further distractions were offered by the standard "giant" voice distortion and the deliberately slow pacing of the giant's physical actions. Unfortunately, the actor who played Goliath was not able to project convincing emotion through all these filters. In the end, I never really believed in the friendship between Xena and Goliath, and thus was unmoved by its dissolution.

In ALTARED STATES, the Biblical allusions were indirect rather than literal, allowing for some creative flexibility in the storyline. However, rooting the events of GIANT KILLER in a literal historical context created serious problems in terms of plot structuring. Since everyone knows the story of David and Goliath, there was little suspense concerning the final outcome: David would kill Goliath. So the fight scene between Xena and Goliath in the middle of the episode was pre-determined to end without resolution, just as we knew that somehow Xena would have to allow David to take over. Given this foresight, it was difficult to be moved by Xena's agonizing over whether to kill Goliath. Her subsequent, and inevitable, decision to step aside so that David could be seen as a leader was a contrived action to meet the plot requirement rather than a convincing twist in the narrative's natural development.

Also, this fatal outcome for Goliath runs somewhat counter to Xena's usual interventions, where she finds some clever way to keep the peace. Given the historical contraints, this was never an option. At all times we as viewers were aware that Xena's actions would never seriously change the outcome of the story, thus rendering her attempts at involvement irrelevant.

Overall, this episode committed the worst sin in my book: it was predictable and boring.

As a personal aside, I was discomfitted with the concept of King David as yet another entry in the list of Gabrielle's sensitive young boys. Watching Gabrielle get moony-eyed over a rather prominent Biblical figure was jarring. And the immediate juxtaposition of this scene with one of Xena & Gabrielle together gave the impression, perhaps inadvertent, that Gabrielle's abortive pass at David was a counterbalance to her act of holding Xena's hand.

And speaking of apparent counterbalances, the previews for next week's episode revealed a comic, campy story with an obvious Satanic theme. The pairing of these two episodes is an uncharacteristic lapse of subtlety for X:WP.

WHIMPERS, MURMURS, AND A LOVE GONE TOO FAR

12-16-98. At the Jauary Burbank Con II (January 1998), Brad Carpenter, the exiting Director of Merchanidising at RenPic gave a demonstration on how they do the Titan/Giant effects. It's done with camera work exploiting perspective, not special effects.

01-23-98. On July 5, 1998, Avicus (aka Robert Field, a film editor for XWP) stated that A DAY IN THE LIFE took only 5 days to shoot because it used a lot of footage that was cut from GIANT KILLER. Apparently GIANT KILLER shot the footage with Garek but cut it for later use, which was DAY.

01-23-98. In STARLOG #245 (December 1997) Robert Tapert, executive producer of XWP, stated, "I'll tell you an interesting thing that very few people know the entire fourth act in A Day In The Life', where they battle the giant, was all footage left over from another episode, The Giant Killer', our David and Goliath episode that didn't quite work. Well, the cut was so long on it that we said, 'Let's just chop off the entire fourth act and bank it for something else, and have this episode end with the death of Goliath rather than them going and getting the giant'."

CHANGING TIMES

Changing Times is by Debbie White.

In GIANT KILLER (27/203) Xena has to fight against a friend she owes her live to. Gabrielle learns that her friendship to Xena will not always keep her alive.

The Changing Xena "Your war is over now."
-- Xena, GIANT KILLER

Xena has changed much in this episode. She owes Goliath her life, because he saved her while his family died. First Xena tries to talk him into fighting on the right side. When he will not give up his revenge, Xena stands against him, even though she owes him her life. As she says, "I owe you my life, Goliath, not the lives of others."

One interesting thing we see once again is that when Xena chooses a side, it becomes the 'right side.' This time she actually takes the time to talk and find out the Philistines are trying to enslave people, which she does not care for. Still, one day she might just jump in and protect the wrong side.

Another thing is that Xena, yet again, calmly takes over command of an army of people who hated her mere moments ago. She manages to change their opinion and is such a commander that people allow her to take over. Still, Xena knows when someone else needs to get the glory to be really helpful and is willing to hand it over.

Finally, despite the fact Xena owes Goliath and came up with the plans that caused his death, she refuses to take on his revenge debt. She has changed so much that now she refuses to take the path of revenge, even for someone she owes so much.

Gabrielle is getting a rather overinflated confidence. First, she challenges a group of soldiers to take on "someone who can defend themselves", meaning herself. Then she steals the guy's food right out in front of him, then tries to talk the guy out of killing the prisoners when he catches them with the food (and trying to escape). When she nearly gets her head cut off trying to stop the execution, she finds out Xena's friendship to her and her innocence will not save her from a person with no morals, though.

Gabrielle's fighting skills are getting better. When Xena frees her hands when she is about to be executed, Gabrielle flips over David, grabs the axe, and frees David. She then manages to hold a soldier back without slicing him until he drops his staff in favor of the axe. Gabrielle, of course, takes the staff and beats him silly. She also mounts up behind Xena pretty quickly. Either they have been practicing that move or do it rather often.

Also, Gabrielle starts to fall for a gentle story-teller with a brave heart. She seems to like anyone who shares her passion for telling stories or shares her code of only fighting to defend themselves.

It rather seems to go against Gabrielle's code when she steals food. However, because David tried to help her, she seems to have already decided his side is the right side. It looks like stealing from the enemy is not against her code.

Finally, Gabrielle has the art of comforting down. When Xena is staring out into the stormy night, feeling guilt over fighting her friend, Gabrielle just holds her hand. Then again, fighting a friend who chooses the wrong side is not against her code of honor. She stood up to Xena in TIES THAT BIND (20/120). Still, Gabrielle is getting better at supporting Xena when she needs it.

Argo, she of many skills, shows off another one. At Xena's whistle, she charges down soldiers and chases them away from the fighting. She's done this in THE GREATER GOOD (21/221), but she did it without the whistle that time.

Goliath left Xena's army ten years ago.

TRANSCRIPT

Click here to read a transcript of THE GIANT KILLER .

DISCLAIMER:

No Bible myths or icons were irreparably mangled during the production of this motion picture.


Murder hornet munchies: The horrifying insect makes a tasty treat

Not only can you eat the nightmarish hornets. They offer a boozy buzz when mixed with shochu alcohol.

Asian giant hornets, also called murder hornets, are up to 2 inches long, and can sting their victims multiple times.

Video screenshot by Bonnie Burton/CNET

News of insects nicknamed murder hornets invading the US might feel like the plot to a horror film, but maybe you'll feel better knowing the pests make for a tasty snack.

The Asian giant hornet (Vespa mandarinia) is described as 1.5 inches to 2 inches long with an orange-yellow head and black stripes on its abdomen. The stinger is long enough to poke through protective beekeeper suits, and kills up to 50 people a year in Japan alone.

Yes, the large hornets have been spotted in the Pacific Northwest, most notably Washington State, but that doesn't mean residents of the area are doomed. The Asian giant hornet is apparently considered a delicacy in its native Japan. If you can't beat them, eat them?

People living in the central Chubu region of Japan so love eating the murder hornets -- as well as wasps and bees -- they throw an edible-wasp festival every year.

The murder hornets' bodies are light and crunchy, and "leave a warming, tingling sensation when eaten," according to a New York Times piece on Tuesday. It's worth noting that eating insects is nothing new. People have been chowing down on insects for centuries. Even the philosopher Aristotle enjoyed munching on cicada larvae.

The Asian giant hornet larvae are often steamed with rice to make a traditional dish called hebo-gohan -- also called hachinoko gohan. Chefs also place the dead Asian giant hornets (stingers included) on a skewer and grill them over hot coals.

Not only do these large hornets make for an interesting snack, they also add pizzazz to liquor. Live Asian giant hornets (and sometimes wasps) are drowned in a clear distilled beverage called shochu. When the hornets drown, they release their venom into the liquid.

The mixture is sealed in a container and left to ferment for a few years until the shochu turns a dark amber color. This allows the venom to dilute so it doesn't send any future drinkers to the hospital.

Mixing the murder hornet shochu in with cocktails creates a buzz, so to speak. A bee-themed bar in Fukuoka, Japan, called Suzumebachi serves the hornet-infused booze to locals and tourists alike. According to one journalist who tried the unusual giant hornet drink, it tasted "ashy in flavor, almost like sipping on charcoal."

While foodies in Japan might enjoy seeking out murder hornet nests for snacks and cocktails, it's worth noting that the Washington State Department of Agriculture (WSDA) doesn't advocate approaching these deadly pests, which were officially spotted in Washington in December.

The WSDA warns to "use extreme caution near Asian giant hornets. The stinger of the Asian giant hornet is longer than that of a honeybee and the venom is more toxic than any local bee or wasp. If you find a colony, do not attempt to remove or eradicate it. Report it to WSDA (or your local state's department of agriculture) immediately."


Contents

Young T. gigas are difficult to distinguish from other species of Tridacninae. Adult T. gigas are the only giant clams unable to close their shells completely. Even when closed, part of the mantle is visible, unlike the very similar T. derasa. However, this can only be recognized with increasing age and growth. Small gaps always remain between shells through which retracted brownish-yellow mantle can be seen. [6]

Tridacna gigas has four or five vertical folds in its shell this is the main characteristic that separates it from the similar shell of T. derasa, which has six or seven vertical folds. [6] As with massive deposition of coral matrices composed of calcium carbonate, the bivalves containing zooxanthellae have a tendency to grow massive calcium carbonate shells. [7] The mantle's edges are packed with symbiotic zooxanthellae that presumably utilize carbon dioxide, phosphates, and nitrates supplied by the clam. [8]

The mantle border itself is covered in several hundred eyespots about .5mm in diameter. Each one consists of a small cavity containing a pupil-like aperture and a base of one hundred or more photoreceptors. These receptors allow T. gigas to respond to sudden dimming of light by withdrawing their mantles and partially closing their shells, presumably to protect from potential predators. They do not retract their mantles in response to increased illumination, but it has been observed that a change in the direction of light results in a shift in mantle orientation. In addition to a dimming response, T. gigas also responds to the movement of an object before a shadow has been cast. [9] In order for this to happen, an image forming optical system is required as the response is based on the local dimming of one part of the generated image relative to the rest. This sequential dimming of receptors caused by the movement of a dark object allows enough time for the mantle to be retracted before a potential predator is directly overhead and casting a shadow. [10]

Largest specimens Edit

The largest known T. gigas specimen measured 137 centimetres (4 ft 6 in). It was discovered around 1817 on the north western coast of Sumatra, Indonesia. The weight of the two shells was 230 kilograms (510 lb). This suggests that the live weight of the animal would have been roughly 250 kilograms (550 lb). Today these shells are on display in a museum in Northern Ireland. [11] [12]

Another unusually large giant clam was found in 1956 off the Japanese island of Ishigaki. However, it was not examined scientifically before 1984. The shell's length was 115 centimetres (3 ft 9 in) and the weight of the shells and soft parts was 333 kilograms (734 lb). Scientists estimated the live weight to be around 340 kilograms (750 lb). [11]

Empty giant clam shell in the French National Museum of Natural History

Empty shell from the Aquarium Finisterrae in Spain

Feeding Edit

Algae provide giant clams with a supplementary source of nutrition. [8] These plants consist of unicellular algae, whose metabolic products add to the clam's filter food. [4] As a result, they are able to grow as large as one meter in length even in nutrient-poor coral-reef waters. [8] The clams cultivate algae in a special circulatory system which enables them to keep a substantially higher number of symbionts per unit of volume. [13] [14]

In small clams—10 milligrams (0.010 g) dry tissue weight—filter feeding provides about 65% of total carbon needed for respiration and growth large clams (10 g) acquire only 34% of carbon from this source. [15] A single species of zooxenthellae may be symbionts of both giant clams and nearby reef–building (hermatypic) corals. [8]

Reproduction Edit

Tridacna gigas reproduce sexually and are hermaphrodites (producing both eggs and sperm). Self-fertilization is not possible, but this characteristic does allow them to reproduce with any other member of the species. This reduces the burden of finding a compatible mate, while simultaneously doubling the number of offspring produced by the process. As with all other forms of sexual reproduction, hermaphroditism ensures that new gene combinations be passed to further generations. [16]

Since giant clams cannot move themselves, they adopt broadcast spawning, releasing sperm and eggs into the water. A transmitter substance called spawning induced substance (SIS) helps synchronize the release of sperm and eggs to ensure fertilization. The substance is released through a syphonal outlet. Other clams can detect SIS immediately. Incoming water passes chemoreceptors situated close to the incurrent syphon, which transmit the information directly to the cerebral ganglia, a simple form of brain. [17]

Detection of SIS stimulates the giant clam to swell its mantle in the central region and to contract its adductor muscle. Each clam then fills its water chambers and closes the incurrent syphon. The shell contracts vigorously with the adductor's help, so the excurrent chamber's contents flows through the excurrent syphon. After a few contractions containing only water, eggs and sperm appear in the excurrent chamber and then pass through the excurrent syphon into the water. Female eggs have a diameter of 100 micrometres (0.0039 in). Egg release initiates the reproductive process. An adult T. gigas can release more than 500 million eggs at a time. [18]

Spawning seems to coincide with incoming tides near the second (full), third, and fourth (new) quarters of the moon phase. Spawning contractions occur every two or three minutes, with intense spawning ranging from thirty minutes to two and a half hours. Clams that do not respond to the spawning of neighboring clams may be reproductively inactive. [19]

Development Edit

The fertilized egg floats in the sea for about 12 hours until eventually a larva (trocophore) hatches. It then starts to produce a calcium carbonate shell. Two days after fertilization it measures 160 micrometres (0.0063 in). Soon it develops a "foot," which is used to move on the ground it can also swim to search for appropriate habitat. [21]

At roughly one week of age, the clam settles on the ground, although it changes location frequently within the first few weeks. The larva does not yet have symbiotic algae, so it depends completely on plankton. Free floating zooxanthellae are also captured while filtering food. Eventually the front adductor muscle disappears and the rear muscle moves into the clam's center. Many small clams die at this stage. The clam is considered a juvenile when it reaches a length of 20 cm (8 in) . [22] It is difficult to observe the growth rate of T. gigas in the wild, but laboratory-reared giant clams have been observed to grow 12 cm (4.7 in) a year. [23]

The main reason that giant clams are becoming endangered is likely to be intensive exploitation by bivalve fishing vessels. Mainly large adults are killed, since they are the most profitable. [24]

The giant clam is considered a delicacy in Japan (known as himejako), France, South East Asia and many Pacific Islands. Some Asian foods include the meat from the muscles of clams. On the black market, giant clam shells are sold as decorative accoutrements. At times large amounts of money were paid for the adductor muscle, which Chinese people believed have aphrodisiac powers. [25]

Legend Edit

As is often the case with uncharacteristically large species, the giant clam has been historically misunderstood. It was known in times past as the "killer clam" and "man-eating clam", and reputable scientific and technical manuals once claimed that the great mollusc had caused deaths versions of the U.S. Navy Diving Manual even gave detailed instructions for releasing oneself from its grasp by severing the adductor muscles used to close its shell. [26]

In an account of the discovery of the Pearl of Lao Tzu, Wilburn Cobb said he was told that a Dyak diver was drowned when the Tridacna closed its shell on his arm. [27]

Today the giant clam is considered neither aggressive nor particularly dangerous. While it is certainly capable of gripping a person, the shell's closing action is defensive, not aggressive, and the shell valves close too slowly to pose a serious threat. [ citation needed ] Furthermore, many large individuals are unable to completely close their shells.

Aquaculture Edit

Mass culture of giant clams began at the Micronesian Mariculture Demonstration Center in Palau (belau). [28] A large Australian government-funded project from 1985 to 1992 mass-cultured giant clams, particularly T. gigas at James Cook University's Orpheus Island Research Station, and supported the development of hatcheries in the Pacific Islands and the Philippines. [29] [30] [31] Recent developments in aquaculture, specifically at Harbor Branch Oceanographic Institute in Fort Pierce, Florida, and in the Marshall Islands, have succeeded in tank-raising T. gigas, both for use in home aquariums and for release into the wild.

Seven of the ten known species of giant clams in the world are found in the coral reefs of the South China Sea. A programme to propagate endangered giant clams for release into the wild has been ongoing since 2007. Undertaken by the Marine Ecology Research Centre (www.merc-gayana.com) based in Gaya Island just west of Sabah’s capital, Kota Kinabalu, the programme successfully nurtured all seven species of the giant clams found in Malaysian waters to sufficient maturity for them to be placed in an ocean nursery for the first time during an awareness month from 22 March until 22 April 2012 in Maloham Bay. This marine awareness month had been planned to highlight and celebrate MERC's success in raising the giant clam larvae (called "spats") to juvenile stage, to highlight the importance of the giant clams and to raise awareness and support with the general public on the threats that are faced by the giant clams within the sea. During this marine awareness month, the coral restoration programme entered its final stage and attachment of 1000 one-year-old coral fragments grown at MERC's ocean nursery onto the coral reef were done throughout the month. The coral restoration programme is aimed to provide the giant clams with a suitable home surroundings when they are big enough in the future to be placed onto the reef.

There is concern among conservationists about whether those who use the species as a source of livelihood are overexploiting it. The numbers in the wild have been greatly reduced by extensive harvesting for food and the aquarium trade.